Sometime in 1984, a United Nations investigation team found that Iraq had used chemical weapons in its war with Iran. The team found that some of the chemicals and materials for its chemical weapons had been sourced through legitimate business channels. To curb sale of certain chemicals products, some countries introduced export controls.Because each country had it's own set of rules and regulations – the controls lacked uniformity and led to confusion and attempts were being made to circumvent these regulations.
Australia proposed a meeting of countries with export controls with the aim of hormonising – national licensing measures and improve co-operation. The first meeting was held in Brussels in 1985 and the participant countries were called Australia Group.
Emerging threats and challenges have been addressed and scope of export controls has been expanded to include technologies and equipment which can be used in the manufacture or disposal of chemical and biological weapons. Dual use items are also considered contributors to the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) – and subject to controls to prevent the risks that these items may pose for national and international security. The rationale behind such controls is to prevent any illegitimate trade of such dual-use goods, services and technology.
In India the export of dual-use items are regulated by Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT). Items considered dual-use are prohibited or restricted and require a license for permission to export from India. The products under regulations and license are given the acronym “SCOMET” - which stands for - Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment and Technologies.
Antico pumps fall under Section 3D – 3D001 - which states as follows: 3D Chemical and biomaterial manufacturing and handling equipment and facilities:
3D001Reaction vessels, reactors or agitators, storage tanks, containers or receivers, heat exchangers or condensers, distillation or absorption columns, valves, remotely operated filling equipment, multi-walled piping, bellows, diaphragm pumps, vacuum pumps, fans, compressors, blowers, gas (including air) handling or other substance-transfer equipment wholly or partly made from any of the following materials;
License is required to export Antico pumps or parts – for new or old installations. We request you to take note of this fact and arrange all necessary permissions from DGFT prior to exporting.
A SCOMET license from DGFT takes about 20-24 weeks – provided all the conditions and paper work is in order.You may visit: http://dgft.gov.in for more details. Source of information:
- DGFT notificaiton - http://dgft.gov.in/Exim/2000/NOT/NOT16/noti0516.pdf
- Australia Group website - http://www.australiagroup.net/en/index.html
- SCOMET Domestic Implementation - http://www.idsa.in/system/files/UNSCR1540_sksamal.pdf
- SCOMET list of products - http://dgft.gov.in/exim/2000/scomet/appendix3.pdf